The somatic missense point mutation c.402C>G (p.C134W) in the FOXL2 transcription factor is pathognomonic for adult-type granulosa cell tumours (AGCT) and a diagnostic marker for this tumour type. However, the molecular consequences of this mutation and its contribution to the mechanisms of AGCT pathogenesis remain unclear. To explore the mechanisms driving FOXL2C134W pathogenicity we engineered V5-FOXL2WT and V5-FOXL2C134Winducible isogenic cell lines and performed ChIP-seq and transcriptome profiling. We found that FOXL2C134W associates with the majority of the FOXL2 WT DNA elements as well as a large collection of unique elements genome-wide. We confirmed an altered DNA binding specificity for FOXL2C134W in vitro and identified unique targets of FOXL2C134W including SLC35F2 whose expression increased sensitivity to YM155 in our model.
Statement of Significance Mechanistic understanding of FOXL2C134W induced regulatory state alterations drives discovery of a rationally designed therapeutic strategy.